"Every composer had to be a member of the composer's union: you had to be in order to get hold of manuscript paper. If you wanted a performance or publication, you had to submit your work to a committee, and there might even be a private performance for that committee... Then you would be informed if they wanted to broadcast the music, or whatever. You couldn't ask. My Arany songs [settings of poems by Hungarian poet Janós Arany, 1817-1882] were something between Bartók and Kodály, with some dissonances, and they were not acceptable.
"But the most interesting thing from this point of view was my Six Bagatelles for wind quintet. The sixth is a chromatic piece and there was no possibility of these pieces being performed when I wrote them in 1953. [Note that recasting already written material for the piano into the new medium of flute/piccolo, clarinet, oboe, horn and bassoon is not mere transcription to Ligeti!] But in 1956 there was a festival and they performed the first five: the sixth was still too chromatic and dissent even for those times."