*Autumn Damask; Castilian; Quatre Saisons; Four Seasons; R. bifera; R. bifera semperflorens; R. damascena bifera; R. damascene semperflorens; R. semperflorens; Rose of Castile; Alexandria Rose; andRose of Paestum Damask, recurrent; 1000-500 b.c.e.
Medium pink; very fragrant. Antique Rose Emporium, 2012
The Autumn Damask is the oldest and, until the China roses were introduced to Europe in the late 18th century, the only reblooming (or remontant) European rose. Because it rebloomed during the season it was a phenomenon in the Western world of single-blooming roses. Its heritage is ancient: writers such as Herodotus and Virgil have remarked on it in their writings, and the Romans imported it from Egypt (thus the name Alexandria Rose).